During this period Garayev was involved in painful,
severe thoughts, paying critical attention
to the activity of the forties and fifties,
faced with necessity to define his art style.
It' s necessary to point one fact of his biography
to understand better problems, which troubled
Garayev visited the USA with à delegation of soviet composers
in 1961. In Los-Angeles during the music
festival composer's two suites from ballet
"In storm roads" were sounded.
The color of technique sounded in festivals
works, which was prohibited in the USSR
for à very long period of time,
the variety of methodology was astonishing.
The sad confession of Garayev after returning
from the USA is symbolic: "We are 50
years behind in music". But at the
same time the audience in Los Angeles impacted
significantly on his activity. The composer
made changes in hic activity showing strong
character and will. Íå
writes, "I could mercilessly break
myself". Íå was one of the firsts in the USSR, who investigate
and began to use the 12-tonned technique.
The results of his turn are very convincing: The
third symphony (1964) and Violin
concert (1967) the important works of
the Soviet music, they live in creativity
of many soviet artisans.
R. Shedrin emphasizing historical significance
of these works writes that Garayev by his
speeches in the USSR Composers Union and
concrete creation played very important
role in the development of soviet music
in more natural way in the 60th
Of course, the composer didn’t follow the technique
blindly; he tried to prove the possibility
of combination of new forms of art with
national matters. During that period was
full of interesting ideas. Å.g.,
the composer was searching the way of creation
"mugam based on series technique"
by combination of non-repeating 12-tonned
suite with Azerbaijan voice layers.
His sincere confession — Garayev solves more important
matter in Violin concert — he succeeds in
expressing the principles of national music.
It' s not coincidence, that this work which
seemed to be without national features should
be understood like the best quality of Azerbaijan
people-the way of its thinking, character,
the expression of temperament.
Was the emotional context of Garayev's music damaged
in works of 60 years? The matter is that
"l like calm and clear feelings"-
saying Garayev in his early works pressed
such passions of his internal seriousness.
In general, the composer denies some minds
creating the East world: in spite of feelings,
color, rhythms, there dominates deep psychology
and thin intellect. Due to critics, the
philosophic context of Violin concert expresses
the magic strength as first the intellectual
power of the West art and the "East
Garayev was also great composer, great thinker,
bright speaker, and the master of sharp
word. His scientific-public heritage — written
during 40 years various articles, lectures
nationality and internationality, traditions
and innovator, rising new generation and
gives other important problems of deep scientific
Garayev was pointed as founder of national composer
school. In 1946 after the graduation of
national composer school, he began to manage
the composition class of Azerbaijan Conservatoire,
spending more than 30 years for this difficult
and complicated thing. Among the World famous
Garayaev's composer school was — Í.Khanmamedov, A.Melikov, X.Mirzazade, V.Adigezalov, M.Mirzoev, T.Bakikhanov, ,
F.Garayev, F.Alizade, P.Bulbuloglu, I.Hajibekov, ,
À.Dadashov, R.Hasanova, Å.Dadashova, O.Zulfugarov and
others who enriched the Azerbaijan music
with their works. After the achievement
of independence by Azerbaijan Republic during
the period of high velocity of integration
to world’s art processes the works of Azerbaijan
composers often sounded at the most respectable
international festivals, and achieves great
success in comparing with the music of the
West. This is the victory of the Garayev’s
school, his art and pedagogic principles.
Garayev's name surrounded with great esteem and
love. The composer's name were given to
one of the Baku prospects, metro station,
music school, ship, State Camera orchestra
in order to perpetuate his name. Besides
the material character monuments the music
monuments devoted to his honor are more
important. Íåãå we can admit various works dedicated to his memory,
the festival "Music of 20 century"
carrying out his name, concert program of
pianist R.Rzayev "Garayev's circle".
The roles and episodes in this program played
by Azerbaijani composers belonging to the
various generations. This program always
being renewed demonstrates the borderless
of Garayev's creation.
The quantity of literature devoted to the composer
raises year by year, his works embellish
the repertoires of famous singers.
Garayev entered to the world art history with
his huge, brave, astonishing achievements
and surely has special place in the music
of 20 century. Years will pass, the future
generations will benefit from Garayev’s
music origin, the performers will find new
features in his works, and the researches
will investigate the essence of his art. The human beings living in various places of
the planet regardless of their nation, beliefs
will enjoy, morally rise, and become more
beautiful after the meeting with Garayev’s
bright, noble, high-minded art.